Friday, February 14, 2014

MySQL is not starting. Operating system error number 2 in a file operation

Here is the error log.

2013-11-18 21:25:25 a171e1a8  InnoDB: Operating system error number 2 in a file operation.
InnoDB: The error means the system cannot find the path specified.
InnoDB: If you are installing InnoDB, remember that you must create
InnoDB: directories yourself, InnoDB does not create them.
InnoDB: Error: could not open single-table tablespace file ./testdb/dr_actions.ibd
InnoDB: We do not continue the crash recovery, because the table may become
InnoDB: corrupt if we cannot apply the log records in the InnoDB log to it.
InnoDB: To fix the problem and start mysqld:
InnoDB: 1) If there is a permission problem in the file and mysqld cannot
InnoDB: open the file, you should modify the permissions.
InnoDB: 2) If the table is not needed, or you can restore it from a backup,
InnoDB: then you can remove the .ibd file, and InnoDB will do a normal
InnoDB: crash recovery and ignore that table.
InnoDB: 3) If the file system or the disk is broken, and you cannot remove
InnoDB: the .ibd file, you can set innodb_force_recovery > 0 in my.cnf
InnoDB: and force InnoDB to continue crash recovery here.

Step 1. Open mysql configuration file, mine is /opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf

Step 2. In [mysqld] section, add the following line:
innodb_force_recovery = 1

Step 3. Save the file and try starting MySQL

Step 4. Remove that line which you just added and Save. 

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